By 1932, Canadians were slowly coming to the grim realization that the economy was not recovering. Prime Minister R.B. Bennett was not contemplating any kind of relief. Democratic socialists, fearing the growing popularity of the Communist Party of Canada, decided that a national party would have to be organized. In 1932 a conference was held in Regina to that end. The Regina Manifesto outlined economic and political reforms that would bring about an economic recovery. The Regina Manifesto was a landmark document. The principles it enumerated, the economic and political right it demanded for every Canadian, while radical for the time, have in many cases become generally accepted as rights.
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The Cooperative Commonwealth Federation was created as the party that would best bring about these goals. The Farmer-Labor Party, along with many in the cooperative movement sent enthusiastic delegates to the convention. In the aftermath went about organizing the Saskatchewan section of the CCF. G.H. Williams, an MLA, became the leader after Major Coldwell won a seat in Parliament in 1935. Williams was optimistic. The Liberal government of the province was bleeding support due to their failure to deal with the depression.
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The Beginning |
Farmer-Labor Party |
Regina Convention |
Social Democracy in the Depression | Election of 1944 | Conclusion | Acknowledgements | Educational Resources | Sources | Français