A Large Gathering in Onion Lake North West Territories

Database ID28466
InstitutionUniversity of Saskatchewan Archives
Fonds/CollectionGeorge Gwynne Mann Family Fonds
File/Item ReferenceMannphoto 13
Date of creation[189?]
Physical description/extentone photograph; b&w; 17 cm x 10 cm
Number of images1
Historical noteGeorge Gwynne Mann was born in Darlington, Upper Canada on November 24, 1843. He spent most of his youth and young adult life in Bowmanville, Ontario where he tended his father's farm. In the mid to late 1860s he was a member of the 45th West Durham Battalion of Infantry and saw action in the Fenian raids. In 1878 he sold his property and moved west as a Government farm instructor, first at Fort Pitt and then Onion Lake North-West Territories. He was joined there by his wife Sarah and their three children, Blanche, Charlotte and George Junior in 1883. The evening of 2 April 1885 after the so-called Frog Lake massacre they were helped to escape to Fort Pitt by the family of treaty Chief Seekascootch (Cutarm). Two weeks later they were taken prisoner and held for two months by Plains Cree warriors under the leadership of Wandering Spirit. In the winter of 1885 Mann was promoted to Indian agent and he and his family remained in Onion Lake until 1900 when he was transferred to Saddle Lake, NWT. In 1905 he was transferred to Hobbema, Alberta where he remained until his death in 1916. He is buried in the Wetaskiwin cemetery.
Scope and contentA photograph of a large gathering of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people on a hillside in Onion Lake North West Territories circa 1890. Maybe a Dominion Day celebration or perhaps Treaty day. The men wear suits and the women and young girls wear long dresses. In the foreground, mostly non-Aboriginal people sit in four wheel buggies behind teams of horses. Further back several Aboriginal men sit on horseback. Behind them several more Aboriginal people stand and sit on the hillside.
Restrictions on accessThere are no restrictions on access.
Copyright holderPublic domain
Other terms governing use and reproductionResearchers must contact Glenbow Archives in Calgary, Alberta for permission to use or reproduce.
Primary MediaPhotographs
Provenance Access PointMann, George 1843-1916 (Indian agent)
Location of originalsGlenbow Archives, PA-881-17
Other notesRelated family materials can be found at Saskatchewan Archives Board, Regina and Saskatoon offices, and at the Glenbow Archives in Calgary, Alberta.
Treaty boundariesTreaty 6
Cultural regionPlains
Early European Settlers
Date Range(s)1880-1889
Permanent Link https://digital.scaa.sk.ca/ourlegacy/permalink/28466