T.C. Lacalli Larval Biology Web Site


General References:

Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae (2001). Eds: C.M. Young, M.A. Sewell, and M.E. Rice, Academic Press.

G. Jägersten (1963). Evolution of the Metazoan Life Cycle, Academic Press.

J. Gerhart, C. Lowe & M. Kirschner (2005). Hemichordates and the origin of chordates. Current Opinions in Genetics & Development 15: 461-467.

T. C. Lacalli (2005). Protochordate body plan and the evolutionary role of larvae: old controversies resolved? Canadian Journal of Zoology 83: 216-224.

C. Nielsen (1987). Structure and function of metazoan ciliary bands and their phylogenetic significance. Acta Zoologica 68: 205-262.

C. Nielsen (1998). Origin and evolution of animal life cycles. Biological Reviews 73: 125-155.

C. Nielsen (1999). Origin of the chordate central nervous system - and the origin of chordates. Development, Genes & Evolution 209: 198-205.

C. Nielsen (1995, 2001). Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla, Oxford Press, and references therein.


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