SOURCES

Contributing Archives:

· Saskatchewan Archives Board, including Regina and Saskatoon locations, cited as SAB.
· Special Collections, University of Saskatchewan Library cited as SSC.
· University of Saskatchewan Archives cited as U. of S. Arch.

Artefacts:

Embroidery at the bottom of the pages: century-old embroidered vest panel of Mavrunia (Plotnikoff) Krukoff of the Blagosklonnoe village near Good Spirit Lake, Saskatchewan

Tri-corner worked cloth: handwork of Mavrunia (Plotnikoff) Krukoff of the Blagosklonnoe village near Good Spirit Lake, Saskatchewan, completed when she was sixteen years old, ca. 1912.


Musical Sources:

The Doukhobor musical selections are taken from the Chernoff Audio Collection held at the Saskatchewan Archives Board, Saskatoon office. This Collection was created by Anastasia and John Chernoff of Veregin, Saskatchewan, largely between 1955 and 1979, and feature solemn hymns, fun pieces (chastuski with quick repeats) and folksongs. Anastasia Chernoff was a gifted singer, and often sang solo. The Chernoffs also travelled to Kylemore, Saskatchewan where Anastasia’s sister, Mary and brother-in-law, Bill Kanegin lived and they would sing together. She also sang with her brother, Peter Postnikoff and sister, Helen Sherbinin.

The songs featured are largely group songs from the Veregin area; the child’s song is taped from a Concert held at Canora, Saskatchewan, ca. 1960s. The speech of George Semenoff, which is also from the Chernoff Collection, is a reminiscence possibly recorded in 1949, when Fiftieth Anniversary Celebrations of the Settlement of Doukhobors in Canada was held in Yorkton and Veregin.



Musical Presentations:

SAB, S-1283 (2), Chernoff Audio Collection, “Zhiteiskoe Morye Ihraet Volnami,” “The Sea of Life is A-Froth With Waves,” sung by a Doukhobor choir (Veregin area), ca. 1950s. An English translation of this song is given at the end of this section of the Virtual Exhibit.

SAB, S-1277 (1), Chernoff Audio Collection, “Dobrii Vyecher Devushki,” “Good Evening Girls!” sung by a group of Doukhobor women led by Anastasia Chernoff of Veregin. The theme of this song is about the night before one goes to war, an attempt to forget what lies ahead. While the Doukhobors had renounced participation in all military activity, songs about the tragedy of war—its effect on families and personal lives—was often remembered in song.

SAB, S-1272 (1) Chernoff Audio Collection, “Poslednii Nonechnii Dyenochok” “The Last Night” sung by a mixed choir of Doukhobors, Veregin area. A song about leaving for war and that tomorrow the soldier’s parents would weep, together with his brothers and sisters, and his beloved girl.

SAB, S-1264 (1) “Vishol Ya Odin na Dorohu,” “I Go Alone Along On the Path” a solo sung by Anastasia Chernoff. The words are written by the Russian poet, M.Y. Lermontov, and are given in translation at the end of this section.

SAB, S-1277 (1), Chernoff Audio Collection, “Petushki,” “All Are Suffering From Love,” sung by a women’s group led by Anastasia Chernoff of Veregin. A folksong about love, with a tri-li-li chorus, comparing the rooster in the barnyard to a popular fellow with the girls around him.

S-1272 (1) SAB, S-1272 (1), Chernoff Audio Collection, “Vperyod, Vperyod!” “Forward! Forward!” sung by a mixed choir, date unknown.

S-1272 (1), “Bilo Vremya Ya Likuyu” “There Was a Time,” sung by a child at a Doukhobor Festival in Canora, Saskachewan, ca. early 1960s.

Curator’s personal collection, “Dom Nash Blahadatnii,” “Our Blessed Home,” sung by eighty-one year old Mavrunia Krukoff of Canora, Saskatchewan in 1972.

SAB, S-1281 (1) George Semenoff, “Doukhobor History,” a speech possibly presented at the 50th Anniversary of Doukhobor Settlement in Canada (celebrations at Yorkton and Veregin), 1949.


Bibliography of Textual Sources:


1. Aubrey Fullerton, “The Doukhobors and Their Utopia,” Sunset, February, 1917 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).

2. “Aylmer Maude’s Recent Visit to America,” New Order, February, 1899 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).

3. “A Visit to the Doukhobortsi,” New Order, June, 1898 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).

4. Dawson C.W., “Stray Religions in the Far North-West,” Living Age, February 2, 1907, pp. 266-269 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).

5. SAB, S-F 466, Bayoff, Alex, Petrofka (n.p., 16 pages, 1985).

6. SAB, S-A292, Bondoreff John fonds.

7. SAB, S-F378.2, Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and the Rural Muncipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1790-1980. Published by the Town of Blaine Lake and the Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1984.

8. SSC, Elkinton, Joseph, The Doukhobors: Their History in Russia, Their Migration to Canada (Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach, 1903).

9. SSC, Tarasoff, Koozma, A Pictorial History of the Doukhobors (Saskatoon: Prairie Books, 1969).

10. SSC, Ferguson, Emily, Janey Canuck in the West (Toronto: Cassell & Co. Ltd., 1910, chapter 9.

11. “The Doukhobors in Canada,” New Order, November, 1899 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).

12. U. of S. Arch., Hawkes John, The Story of Saskatchewan and Its People (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1924).


Sources - By Page

Page 01

[1] SAB, S. Stupnikoff Fonds (S-A 420 ), uncatalogued photograph, Mrs. Stupnikoff and son, Sam, 1920.


Page 2

[2] “A Visit to the Doukhobortsi,” New Order, June, 1898 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


[3] SAB, S-B9660 Doukhobor women beating flax in the fields, 1910-1930.


[4] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933
Murray -7, Doukhobor featherbeds airing, ca. 1910.


[5] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933
Murray-15, unidentified Doukhobor couple, ca. 1905.


Page 3

[6] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933
Murray-9, Doukhobor fence, n.d.


[7]
Ferguson, Emily, Janey Canuck in the West (Toronto: Cassell & Co. Ltd., 1910), chapter 9.


Page 4

[8] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933
Murray-11, train station at Veregin, Saskatchewan.


Page 5

[9] SSC, Queen Victoria, uncatalogued photograph, Doukhobor Calendar published by the Cultural Education Centre Restaurant, Castlegar, 1979.


[10] SSC, guest house of Lukeriya Kalmikova in village of Goreloye in the Caucasus, ca. 1870s, uncatalogued photograph, Doukhobor Calendar published by the Cultural Education Centre Restaurant, Castlegar, 1979.


[11] U. of S. Arch., Victor Buyniak fonds, MG 134 , Leo Tolstoy/Peter Veregin Correspondence (Ottawa: Legas, 1995), Friends of the Doukhobors, ca . 1899.

[12] SSC, Lukeriya Kalmikova, leader of the Doukhobors in Transcaucasia, ca. 1860s -1870s, uncatalogued photograph, Doukhobor Calendar published by the Cultural Education Centre Restaurant, Castlegar, 1979.


[13] Dawson C.W., “Stray Religions in the Far North-West,” Living Age, February 2, 1907, pp. 266-269 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


[14]
SSC, Doukhobors’ arrival, 1899, Tarasoff K., Pictorial History of the Doukhobors (Saskatoon: Modern Press, 1969).


[15] anecdote, “Aylmer Maude’s Recent Visit to America,” New Order, February, 1899 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


Page 06

[16] Doukhobor song, “Zhiteiskoe Morye Ihraet Volnami”, translated by curator.


Page 07

[17] SAB, S-B4139, Doukhobor covered wagons leaving Yorkton, about 1904.


Page 08

[18] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933,
Murray 6-a, Doukhobors with children, ca. 1905.


[19] SSC, Original Saskatchewan Colony Reserve as of August 1, 1907 from Dawson C.A., Group Settlement: Ethnic Communities in Western Canada (Toronto: MacMillan, 1936), vol. 7.


[20] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray-13, Doukhobor village life, ca. 1905.

[21] Dawson C.W., “Stray Religions in the Far North-West,” Living Age, February 2, 1907, (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


[22] SAB, S-B 2949, Doukhobor settlement near Yorkton, 1931.


[23] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 754, File 494483, Letter of Prince D. A. Hilkoff to James A. Smart, Deputy-Minister of the Interior, June 10, 1899, p. 1.


[24] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 754, File 494483, Letter of Prince D. A. Hilkoff to James A. Smart, Deputy-Minister of the Interior, June 10, 1899, p. 2.


[25] Dawson C.W., “Stray Religions in the Far North-West,” Living Age, February 2, 1907.


[26] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray-1, Doukhobor house, ca. 1905.


Page 09

[27] SAB, S-B 6579 Family of Sam Kotelnikoff outside their home in the Doukhobor village of Ospennie, in the Blaine Lake area, ca. 1910.


[28] houses arranged, plastered and whitewashed , Dawson C.W., “Stray Religions in the Far North-West,” Living Age, February 2, 1907.


[29] SAB, S-B 2950, Doukhobor house near Yorkton, 1931.


[30] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray -7, Doukhobor featherbeds airing, ca. 1910.


[31] SAB, S-B 9540, National Doukhobor Heritage Village Collection, F. Pereverzoff and family, Doukhobor settlers near Blaine Lake, 1904.

[32] SAB, S-B 9561, National Doukhobor Heritage Village Collection, three Doukhobor pioneer men in the village of Nadezhda [Hope], [1890-1920].


[33] Dawson C.W., “Stray Religions in the Far North-West,” Living Age, February 2, 1907.


[34] SAB, S-B 2949, Doukhobor settlement near Yorkton, 1931.


[35]
U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray-3, Visitors at Independent Doukhobor home, n.d.


[36] Dawson C.W., “Stray Religions in the Far North-West,” Living Age, February 2, 1907, (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


Page 10

[37] SAB, S-B 9533 Peter "Lordly" Verigin (left) talking to and encouraging Doukhobor workers belonging to the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood who had lost their land in Saskatchewan for refusing to take the Oath of Allegiance to the Crown, Brilliant BC, 1909.

Page 11

[38] SAB, S-B 9539 Harvest in a Christian Community near Veregin in Section 13 "Khutor" Village, 1917.

[39] “The Doukhobors in Canada,” New Order, November, 1899 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).

[40] SAB, S-A292 John Bondoreff fonds, manuscript, “Collected Doukhobor Psalms” handwritten Psalm 29, by Ivan S. Kanigan [1902].


[41] “Viishol Ya Odin Na Dorohu,” “I Go Alone On the Path,” translated by curator.


Page 12

[42] SAB, S-B 4260, Doukhobor women pulling the plow, 1903.


Page 13

[43] SAB, S-B 2432 Stringing the loom at the demonstration of weaving from Saskatchewan flax by Doukhobor women, June 1925 under the auspices of the Saskatoon Arts and Crafts Society.


[44] SAB, S-B 5445, a number of Doukhobors in the garden of John Chutskoff, Slavanka village near Blaine Lake, ca. 1901.


[45]
SAB, S-B 5444, Doukhobor women digging a trench to the mill, Terpennie village near Blaine Lake, 1900.


[46] Dawson C.W., “Stray Religions in the Far North-West,” Living Age, February 2, 1907, (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


[47] SAB, S-A292 John Bondoreff fonds, letter from member of Kanigan family on the back of “Collected Doukhobor Psalms” handwritten by Ivan S. Kanigan [1902].


Page 14

[48] SAB, S-F 466, Bayoff, Alex, Petrofka (n.p., 16 pages, 1985), p. 8.


[49] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray Fonds, 061, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray-14.


[50] SAB, F378.2, Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and the Rural Muncipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1790-1980. Published by the Town of Blaine Lake and the Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1984, page 666.


[51] SAB, S-B 2461, Doukhobor lady, Mrs. Dora Horkoff of Lily Vale at spinning wheel, ca. 1950.

[52] Crossing the Saskatchewan River, Petrofka ferry, SSC, Elkinton, Joseph, The Doukhobors: Their History in Russia, Their Migration to Canada (Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach, 1903).


[53] SAB. S-B 4129, A Doukhobor woman standing beside clothes hanging on a line in Yorkton, about 1911, detail.


[54]
Mavrunia, SAB, S-F 466, Bayoff, Alex, Petrofka (n.p.,1985), p.7.

Page 15

[55] SAB, S-B 5438, Peter Veregin and Anastasia Holubova, n.d.


[56] SAB, S-B 6770, a Doukhobor girl, Blaine Lake area, ca. 1905.


[57] Ferguson, Emily, Janey Canuck in the West (Toronto: Cassell & Co. Ltd., 1910), chapter 9.


[58] SAB, S-B 2168, Doukhobor Ladies Choir, Gorelovka Hall, Blaine Lake, 1931. (Left to right) Ella Pereversoff, Mary Samorodin, Dora Pereversoff, Helen Androsoff and Muriel Borisenkoff, Violet McNaughton Collection.


[59] “Among the Doukhobors in Canada,” New Order, January, 1901.


[60] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG 61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray 6-a, Doukhobors with children, ca. 1905, detail.


[61] Ferguson, Emily, Janey Canuck in the West (Toronto: Cassell & Co. Ltd., 1910), chapter 9.


[62]
Dawson C.W., “Stray Religions in the Far North-West,” Living Age, February 2, 1907, pp. 266-269.


[63] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray Fonds, 061, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray-14.


[64] SAB, S-B 9509, George F. Vanin (1875-1972), his wife Vera D. (1875-1960), daughter Annie J. (born 1903) and son Demetrius (born 1904). The family were some of many Doukhobors who were exiled to Siberia, before emigrating to Canada in 1904, [1904-1905].


[65] SAB, F378.2, Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and the Rural Muncipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1790-1980. Published by the Town of Blaine Lake and the Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1984, page 621.


[66] SAB, F378.2, Slavanka #2279 school yell, Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and the Rural Muncipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1790-1980. Published by the Town of Blaine Lake and the Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1984, SAB, F378.2, page 270.


[67] “Among the Doukhobors in Canada,” New Order, January, 1901 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


[68] SAB, S-B9538, group of Teenagers in Russian Dress, Village of Tambovka, 1909.


[69] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray-8, School teacher and children in Doukhobor Colony, n.d.


Page 16

[70] SAB, S-B 9563, National Doukhobor Heritage Village Collection Group of Doukhobors gathered to meet Peter "Lordly" Verigin, near Verigin SK, [1910-1924],.


Page 17

[71] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933
Murray-5, unidentified Doukhobor women and children.


[72] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, MG61, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933
Murray-15, unidentified Doukhobor couple outside home, [1903 – 1905].


[73] SAB, S-B 9547, National Doukhobor Heritage Village Collection, (left to right) Peter Petrovich Verigin Jr. (Yastrebov); Anna F. Verigin, wife of Peter P. Verigin; Anna
Petrova Markova, daughter of Peter P. Verigin; and Peter Petrovitch (Chistiakov), [1900-1930].


[74] SAB, S-F466, Bayoff, Alex, Petrofka (n.p., 16 pages, 1985), page 5A.


[75] SAB, S-B 9535, Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas A. Rielkoff, young Doukhobor immigrants to Canada. Nicholas had received 80 lashes for refusing military service in Russia, [1880-1910].


[76] SAB, R-A8233, pioneer plowing with oxen, 1905.


[77] SAB, F378.2, Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and the Rural Muncipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1790-1980. Published by the Town of Blaine Lake and the Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1984, page 637.


Page 18

[78] Arrival of Peter Verigin at Terpennie Village, SSC, Elkinton, Joseph, The Doukhobors: Their History in Russia, Their Migration to Canada (Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach, 1903).


Page 19

[79] SAB, S-B 9505, National Doukhobor Heritage Village Collection pupils of the Russian School pose outside for a photograph, Verigin SK, 1929.


[80] SAB, S-B 9705, collage of portraits of Peter P. Verigin (centre), and (clockwise from upper left) Lukeria Kalmykova, Peter V. Verigin, Anatasia Verigin, and Ivan F. Makortoff, 1925.


[81] SAB, S-B 9490, Doukhobor prayer home in Otradnoe village, built in 1911, eight miles north of Verigin SK. It was destroyed by fire set by zealots in 1914.


[82]
Hawkes John, The Story of Saskatchewan and Its People (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1924), pages 727-728.


[83] Aubrey Fullerton, “The Doukhobors and Their Utopia,” Sunset, February, 1917 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


[83] Leo Tolstoy, uncatalogued photograph, SSC, Doukhobor Calendar published by the Cultural Education Centre Restaurant, Castlegar, 1979.


[84] Aubrey Fullerton, “The Doukhobors and Their Utopia,” Sunset, February, 1917 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


[85] Statement of Expenses and Income for Doukhobor Community in Canada, 1903, Leo Tolstoy/Peter Veregin Correspondence (Ottawa: Legas, 1995), U. of S. Arch., Victor Buyniak fonds (134 ), page 65.


[85] Letter of Peter Verigin to Leo Tolstoy, 1 April 1905, Leo Tolstoy/Peter Veregin Correspondence (Ottawa: Legas, 1995), U. of S. Arch., Victor Buyniak fonds (134 ), p. 71.


[86] Letter of Peter V. Verigin to Leo Tolstoy, 17 May 1910, Leo Tolstoy/Peter Veregin Correspondence (Ottawa: Legas, 1995), U. of S Arch., Victor Buyniak fonds (MG 134 ), p. 100.

[87] Letter of Leo Tolstoy to Peter V. Verigin, 24 October 1903, Leo Tolstoy/Peter Veregin Correspondence (Ottawa: Legas, 1995), U. of S. Arch., Victor Buyniak fonds (MG 134), p. 57.


[88] Delegates from the Douhobors in Canada, Gabriel Vereschagin and Nikola Plotnikoff 2nd and 3rd from left in photo) with the newly designated leader, Peter Petrovitch Verigin, and his family in Russia, July, 1925, uncatalogued photograph, SSC, Doukhobor Calendar published by the Cultural Education Centre Restaurant, Castlegar, 1979.


Page 20

[89] Grain mill and elevator at Veregin, Saskatchewan, SSC, Evalenko M., The Message of the Doukhobors: A Statement of True Facts (New York: International Library Pub. Co., 1913)p. 74, BX7433.E92.


[90] Veregin, Saskatchewan description: Hawkes John, The Story of Saskatchewan and Its People (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1924), page 727.


[91] SAB, S-B 9539 Harvest in a Christian Community near Veregin in Section 13 "Khutor" Village, 1917.

[92] SAB, S-B9660, Doukhobor women beating flax in the fields, 1910-1930.

[93] SAB, S-B 5455, a group of Named Doukhobors at Verigin, Sask, ca. 1929.


[94] SAB, S-B 9497, Andrew, Nicholas and Alec A. Chernoff with purebred Percheron stallions on the Doukhobor Christian Community horse ranch, [1920-1940].


Page 21

[95] SAB, S-B 9491, work crew engaged in building a highway between Wadena and Kuroki SK, 1922.


Page 22

[96] Letter of Gregory Konegen to James Smart, Deputy Minister of the Interior [1903], Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 754, File 494483.


[97]
Mrs. Martha Stupnikoff (nee Tekanoff) on her wedding day, 1913, SAB, S. Stupnikoff fonds (S-A 420), uncatalogued photo.


[98] Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and the Rural Muncipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1790-1980. Published by the Town of Blaine Lake and the Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1984, SAB, F378.2, Blaine Lake book, p. 660.


[99] Mrs. Martha Stupnikoff (nee Tekanoff) and son, Sam George Stupnikoff at 10 months of age, 1920.SAB, S. Stupnikoff Fonds (S-A 420) uncatalogued photograph.


[100] apple box, Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and the Rural Muncipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1790-1980. Published by the Town of Blaine Lake and the Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1984, SAB, F378.2, Blaine Lake book, page 534.


[101] S-MN-B 3843 Mrs. Fred Konkin of Saskatoon serving fresh bread baked in outdoor oven by Doukhobor Society at Pion-Era, 1955.


[102] SAB, S-B 4126, Doukhobor pilgrims carrying their helpless, passing through Yorkton, 28 October 1902.


Page 23

[103] neighbours, SSC, Tarasoff, Koozma, A Pictorial History of the Doukhobors (Saskatoon: Prairie Books, 1969).


Page 24

[104] Pelly to Saltcoats, Hawkes John, The Story of Saskatchewan and Its People (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1924) page 728.


[105]
SAB, S-B 9708, National Doukhobor Heritage Village Collection, Doukhobor Women and Children at Work on a Road, unidentified Doukhobor village, ca. 1899 – 1900.


Page 25

[106] “The Doukhobors in Canada,” New Order, November, 1899 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).

[107] Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and the Rural Muncipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1790-1980. Published by the Town of Blaine Lake and the Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1984, SAB, F378.2, p. 654.

[108] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 756, File 494483, Letter of William McCreary, Commissioner of Lands, to James A. Smart, Deputy Minister of the Interior, June 9, 1900.

[106] naturalization and buying land in BC, Aubrey Fullerton, “The Doukhobors and Their Utopia,” Sunset, February, 1917 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).


[107] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray Fonds, 061, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933
Murray-11, Train station at Veregin, Saskatchewan, U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds.


[108] SAB, S-A292 John Bondoreff fonds, letter of Peter Verigin to Doukhobor Brothers and Sisters, regarding agricultural affairs, 1 July 1909.

[109] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 756, File 494483, Letter of James Peaker, Agent of Dominion Lands to Secretary, Department of the Interior, 12 February 1903.

[110] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 756, File 494483, “To the Elders and People of the Village,” January, 1907.

[111] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 756, File 494483, telegram of Yorkton Dominion Land Agent, J. A. Magee to James A. Smart, Deputy Minister of the Interior, May 1, 1902.

[112] Yorkton Enterprise, May 17, 1900.

[113] Aubrey Fullerton, “The Doukhobors and Their Utopia,” Sunset, February, 1917 (thesis materials of curator, K. Szalasznyj).

[114] Hawkes John, The Story of Saskatchewan and Its People (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1924) page 728.

[115] Doukhobors’ arrival, 1899, SSC, Tarasoff K., Pictorial History of the Doukhobors (Saskatoon: Modern Press, 1969).

[116] SAB, S-B 4136, Land Rush at Yorkton, 1907.


[117] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 756, File 494483, 1905 – 1907.McDougall


[118] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 756, File 494483, 1905 – 1907.


[119] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 756, File 494483, 1905 – 1907.


[120] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 756, File 494483, 1905 – 1907.


[121] Library and Archives Canada, Land Files, RG15, Volume 756, File 494483, 1905 – 1907.


Page 26

[122] SSC, Tarasoff K., Pictorial History of the Doukhobors (Saskatoon: Modern Press, 1969).


Page 27

[123] Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and the Rural Muncipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1790-1980. Published by the Town of Blaine Lake and the Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake No. 434, 1984, SAB, F378.2, page 646.


[124] SAB, S-B 6579, daughter of Sam Kotelnikoff outside Kotelnikoff home in the Doukhobor village of Ospennie, Blaine Lake area.


[125] SAB, S-B 2168, Muriel Borisenkoff , Doukhobor Ladies Choir, Gorelovka Hall, Blaine Lake, 1931.


[126] SAB, S-B 9580, National Doukhobor Heritage Village Collection, opposition group of Doukhobors from the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood, celebrating St. Peter's Day with a picnic, Verigin SK, 1936 or 1938.


Page 28

[127] S-B 9582, National Doukhobor Heritage Village Collection, Doukhobors baking bread in outdoor ovens at the 50th Anniversay celebrations [of the arrival of Doukhobors in Saskatchewan], Yorkton SK, 1949.

Page 29

[128] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray Fonds, 061, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray-14, U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds.

Page 30

[129] SAB, S-B 9607, National Doukhobor Heritage Village Collection, Doukhobor women demonstrating leisure handicrafts at the 50th Anniversary of Doukhobors in Saskatchewan, Kamsack-Verigin SK, 1949.


Page 31

[130] SAB, S-B 9582, Doukhobors baking bread in outdoor ovens at the 50th Anniversary celebrations of the arrival of Doukhobors in Saskatchewan, Yorkton SK, 1949.


[131] U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray Fonds, 061, IV. J. Handicrafts, 1925-1933, Murray-14, U. of S. Arch., Jean Murray fonds, Doukhobor children, n.d.


[132]
SAB, S-B 4129, A Doukhobor woman standing beside clothes hanging on a line in Yorkton, about 1911 [detail].


[133] SAB, S-B 5438, Peter Veregin and Anastasia Holubova, n.d.


[134] Hawkes John, The Story of Saskatchewan and Its People (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1924) page 729.


[135] SAB, Chernoff Audio Tapes, S-1281 (1), George Semenoff, “Doukhobor History,” possibly delivered in honor of the 50th Anniversary of Doukhobor Settlement in Canada,” 1949.